Studi Populasi Serangga Sebagai Upaya Konservasi Biodiversitas Sungai Oyo, di Desa Wisata Bleberan Gunung Kidul

Eka Sulistiyowati

Abstract


Bleberan Village has ecotourism potential in terms of insects biodiversity. Moreover, this village has some beautiful tourism objects, such as Sri Gethuk waterfall and Rancang Kencono cave. In the other hand, biodiversity in this village is yet to be explored, hence this research aims at studying insects biodiversity, especially of  three orders: Orthoptera, Lepidoptera and Odonata. The final objective of this reseach is to provide information for studying and conserving biodiversity in this ecotourism region. The observation was conducted in 10 stations in both Kedung Poh (1st location) and Oyo River (2nd location ). Several ecological parameters were calculated such as density, diversity index, and distribution. In addition, enviromental parameters were also measured, i.e temperature, humidity, and light intesity. This research found 17 species of each order, with the highest number of individuals was observed in the member of Orthoptera, especially withPhlaeoba fumosa; 381 individuals (1st location 1) and  445 individuals (2nd location). In the order of Lepidoptera, species Catopsilia pomonahad the highest number of individuals, there were 31 and 46  individuals in 1st location and 2nd location, respectively. The latter is Odonata, had Orthetrum sabinawhich dominated the number with 252 individuals in 1st location and 188 individuals in 2nd location. This research also revealed that diversity index was varied between 0.79 and 0.99, with all orders were distributed in a clumped pattern. All the environmental factors had been observed and did not show any abnormality, therefore insects couldbe alive normally.


Keywords


Biodiversity; Insects; Orthoptera; Lepidoptera; Odonata; Bleberan; The Oyo River

Full Text:

PDF

References


Alford, D. 1999. Agricultural Entomology. UK: Blackwell

Balai Besar Wilayah Sungai. n.d. Wilayah Kerja Bbws Serayu Opak. Diunduh tanggal 11 November dari http://bbws-so.net/sisda/wilayah_kerja.html

Balai Pengelolaan Daerah Aliran Sungai Serayu Opak Progo. 2009. Diunduh 2 November 2014 dari http://bpdas-serayuopakprogo.dephut.go.id/kegiatan/perencanaan/luas-das

Borror, D.J., Triplehorn, C.A., and Johnson, N.F. 1992. An Introduction to Study of Insect, 6th ed. Sanders College Publication

Byrd, J.H. & Castner, J.L. 2002. Forensic Entomology: The Utility of Arthropods in Legal Investigation. Washington: CRC Press

CSIRO, 1991. The Insects of Austalia. Division of Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation.

David, A. Fennell, P., Eagles, F.J. 1990. Ecotourism in Costa Rica: A Conceptual Framework. Journal of Park and Recreation Administration (8):1

Fachrul, M..F. 2007.Metode Sampling Bioekologi, Jakarta: Rineka Cipta

Gillot, C. 2005. Entomology. 3rd ed. Canada: Springer

Gunung Kidul Online. 2013. Inilah 15 Desa Wisata di Kabupaten Gunungkidul. Diunduh 2 November 2014 dari http://gunungkidulonline.com/inilah-15-desa-wisata-di-kabupaten-gunungkidul/

Jianxiong Qin, J., Zhang, P., Deng, G., Chen, L. 2014. A Study on Eco-Tourism and SustainableDevelopment of EconomicUnderdevelopment Areas—An Examplefrom Kanas Nature Reserve, XingjiangProvince, Northwest China. Smart Grid and Renewable Energy (5):170-179

Kiper, T. 2013. Role of Ecotourısm in Sustaınable Development. Dalam Özyavuz , M. Advances in Landscape Architecture. Buku online diunduh tanggal 12 November 2014 dari http://www.intechopen.com/books/advances-in-landscape-architecture/role-of-ecotourism-in-sustainable-development ISBN 978-953-51-1167-2

Kodandaramaiah, U. 2009. Eyespot Evolution: Phylogenetic Insights From Junonia And Related Butterfly Genera (Nymphalidae: Junoniini). Evolution & Development 11:5, 489–497

Krebs, C.J. 1978. Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Distribution and Abundance.New York: Harper and Row Publishers.

Lala, F., Wagiman, F.X., Putra, N.S. 2003. Keanekaragaman Serangga dan Struktur Vegetasi pada Habitat burung Insektivora Lanius schach Linn. di Tanjungsari, Yogyakarta. Jurnal Entomologi Indonesia (10): 2, p 70-77

Mandal, S.K., Hazra, A.K., Tandon, S.K. 1992. On The Biology and The Nymphal Taxonomy of Phaleoba infumata Brunner (Acrididae) Under Lab Condition. Rec. Zool. Surv. (91):1, p. 35-48

Pemerintah Daerah Gunung Kidul, n.d.diunduh tanggal 11 Oktober 2014 darihttp://gunungkidulkab.go.id/home.php?mode=content&id=121

Pygrus (n.d). Phaneroptera falcata. Diunduh tanggal 24 November 2015 dari http://www.pyrgus.de/Phaneroptera_falcata_en.html

Restu, I.W. 2002. Kajian Pengembangan Wisata Mangrove di Taman Hutan Raya Ngurah Rai Wilayah Pesisir Selatan Bali. [Tesis]. Bogor: Program Pasca Sarjana, Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Rohman, A. 2012. Keanekaragaman Jenis Dan Distribusi Capung(Odonata)Dikawasan Kars Gunung Sewu KecamatanPracimantoro, Kabupaten Wonogiri, Jawa Tengah. Skripsi. PMIPA, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta

Samsudin, N. 2013. Morphological Variation of Selected Species in the Genus of O. sabina (Odonata: Anisoptera) in Sarawak. Bachelor of Science Thesis. University Malaysia Sarawak.

Speight, M.R., Hunter, M.D., Watt, A.D., 1999. Ecology of Insects, Concepts and Applications.Blackwell Science,Ltd. 169 – 179

Van Swaay, C.A.M., Brereton, T., Kirkland, P. and Warren, M.S. (2012) Manual for Butterfly Monitoring. Report VS2012.010, De Vlinderstichting/Dutch Butterfly Conservation, Butterfly Conservation UK & Butterfly Conservation Europe, Wageningen.

Trisnawati, D. 2009. Analisis Indeks Geomorfik Dalam Menentukan Pengaruh Tektonik Pada Sub Daerah Aliran Sungai Oyo. Universitas Diponegoro. Diunduh 11 November 2014 dari http://eprints.undip.ac.id/20994/1/Devina_T.pdf

Wardhana, W.A., 1995, Dampak Pencemaran Lingkungan, Yogyakarta: Andi Offset

Watson, J.A.L., 1984. A Second Australian Species in the Orthethrum sabina Complex (Odonata: Libellulidae). J. Aust. Ent. Soc 23: 1-10


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

© Hak Cipta Jurusan Biologi Fakultas MIPA Universitas Andalas 

ISSN : 2303-2162